Landsat Imagery

Data Access

Landsat (name indicating Land + Satellite) imagery is available since 1972 from six satellites in the Landsat series. These satellites have been a major component of NASA's Earth observation program, with three primary sensors evolving over thirty years: MSS (Multi-spectral Scanner), TM (Thematic Mapper), and ETM+ (Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus). Landsat supplies high resolution visible and infrared imagery, with thermal imagery and a panchromatic image also available from the ETM+ sensor. The collection of Landsat available through GLCF is designed to compliment overall project goals of distributing a global, multi-temporal, multi-spectral and multi-resolution range of imagery appropriate for land cover analysis.

Satellite Sensor Band#s Spectral Range Scene Size Pixel Res
L 1-4 MSS multi-spectral 1,2,3,4 0.5 - 1.1 Ám 185 X 185 km 60 meter
L 4-5 TM multi-spectral 1,2,3,4,5,7 0.45 - 2.35 Ám 30 meter
L 4-5 TM thermal 6 10.40 - 12.50 Ám 120 meter
L 7 ETM+ multi-spectral 1,2,3,4,5,7 0.450 - 2.35 Ám 30 meter
L 7 ETM+ thermal 6.1, 6.2 10.40 - 12.50 Ám 60 meter
Panchromatic ETM+ thermal 8 0.52 - 0.90 Ám 15 meter
How to Cite This Data Set

Citation Format: Author (Publication Date), Collection Name, Image Name, Processing Level, Publisher, Publisher Location, Product Coverage Date.

Citation Parameters Example:

  • Author: NASA Landsat Program {specify otherwise if processed outside USGS}
  • Publication Date: {specify processing date from metadata}
  • Collection Name: Landsat {specify ETM+, TM or MSS} scene
  • Image Name: {specify scene ID from file name or naming convention}
  • Processing Level: {specify as indicated in metadata, for instance: L1G, GeoCover, Orthorectified, Terrain Corrected, or SLC-Off}
  • Publisher: USGS {specify otherwise if processed outside USGS}
  • Publisher Location: Sioux Falls {specify otherwise if processed outside USGS}
  • Product Coverage Date: {specify acquisition date from metadata or naming convention}

Full Example Citation: NASA Landsat Program, 2003, Landsat ETM+ scene L71008058_05820031026, SLC-Off, USGS, Sioux Falls, 10/26/2003.

Intellectual Property Rights

Use is free to all; effectively held by USGS & NASA; but ultimately held by US public.


Source for this data set is the Global Land Cover Facility,

Landsat Imagery
Copyright © 1997-2013 University of Maryland. All rights reserved
University of Maryland National Aeronautics and Space Administration GOFC_GOLD